The trend for conducting rigorous impact evaluations of development interventions has prompted many researchers to start looking more closely at public works programmes (PWPs). This study identifies design and implementation features that contribute to programme success or failure, highlighting which PWP model is appropriate in what context and why linkages to broader graduation strategies and other interventions are important.
This report examines how to make social protection systems and schemes more inclusive of persons with disabilities. Social protection can play a key role in empowering persons with disabilities by addressing the additional costs they face, yet the majority of persons with disabilities are currently excluded from schemes. Leaving No-one Behind: Building Inclusive Social Protection Systems for Persons with Disabilities identifies a wide range of barriers persons with disabilities experience in accessing social protection to be overcome.
This paper analyzes the effect of fiscal policies in Uganda and Rwanda on gender equality in education, health and infrastructure outcomes. Government budgets and fiscal measures can play an important role in promoting women’s development and gender equality, an approach commonly referred to as gender budgeting. First using a fixed effect approach, we find that fiscal policies have a significant, positive impact on education. Using years on education as one of our education indicators, we find that on average, the girls increase their education by 0.7 years.
As a first step in assisting its client countries to close this identity gap, the World Bank Group’s ID4D initiative conducts Identity Management Systems Analyses (IMSAs) to evaluate countries’ identity ecosystems and facilitate collaboration with governments for future work. To date, analyses have been conducted in 17 African countries, including Botswana, Chad, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, and Zambia.
For many years now, Rwanda has implemented well-designed social security policies that have contributed to better livelihoods, provided protection, engendered confidence and commitment at work, and spurred community and economic growth. As incomes and the tax base increase, it is easier for the government to generate revenue and invest in social welfare programs that benefit the less fortunate.