Poland’s pension system faces multiple challenges, including accelerating population aging. Early retirement policy aimed at mitigating mass exit from the labor market led to the rise of pension system economic dependency. Transition to a nonfinancial and financial defined contribution (NDC+FDC) system in 1999 mitigated the fiscal risk and an unfair balance of interest between the working and retired generations. The new system separated the income allocation and redistribution. The retirement age was raised.
The paper focuses on the interrupted careers in four countries where pensions are based on lifetime labor income, but they have different labor market patterns. High levels of employment in Germany and Sweden are in contrast with low levels of employment, particularly for women, in Italy and Poland. Career interruptions of women in Italy mean early withdrawal from the labor market, while in Sweden women choose part-time employment. Lower employment rates and gender pay gaps are important causes of differences in expected pension levels.
This paper explores trends and drivers behind the gender gap in pensions (GGP) in Europe, focusing on countries with notionally defined contribution (NDC) schemes: Italy, Latvia, Norway, Poland, and Sweden. Based on current gender gaps on the labor market, the paper relates the progressivity of pension systems and the coverage of child care related spells to the GGP. It shows that NDC countries do not stand out as a group compared to other European countries in terms of pension outcomes for women. Nevertheless, NDC countries differ significantly from one another.
OPINION: Recently announced reforms to Poland’s pension system are just the latest in a long line of changes made over the past eight years. Unfortunately, the majority of these have been motivated by short-term goals (either fiscal or political), without looking at the long-term stability of the pension system. Sadly, the current changes follow the same pattern.
Belarus and Poland signed a social security agreement during an official visit of a Belarusian parliamentary delegation headed by Chairman of the Council of the Republic Mikhail Myasnikovich to Warsaw, BelTA learned from the Labor and Social Security Ministry.
This training will focus on different financial instruments intended for persons with disabilities, their implementation and monitoring in line with the UNCRPD.
Who should attend?
This paper analyzes the incentives to labor supply faced by families, particularly mothers, with young children in the context of a recently introduced fertility promotion benefit in Poland. The paper is based on an adapted version of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Tax-Benefit Model, which estimates households’ net earnings after taxes and social transfers at different levels of wages. Since the recent introduction of the 500+ benefit, some households face steep marginal tax rates due to the benefit withdrawal rules.
The OECD’s Social Benefit Recipients Database (SOCR) provides new, detailed and comparable data on the number of people receiving cash benefits. SOCR includes data for the main income replacement programmes in the unemployment, social assistance, disability and old-age branches. It currently covers periods since 2007 for most OECD and EU countries.
The aim of the focus groups is to provide case studies of countries, under Work Package 6 (WP6) of the Drivers of Health Inequalities Project. The case studies results relate to the research under WP4 (Income and Social Protection). ‘Drivers’ is a three year research program funded by the EU 7th Framework Programme. It brings together leading researchers, civil society organizations, business, and a European network of public health bodies with the aim of understanding and promoting health equity through policy and practice.