develop_region: 
Unknown
iso2: 
PS
iso3: 
PSE
Continent: 
Asia
Official name: 
Occupied Palestinian Territory

Social Protection in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA)

This Online Community (OC) is part of the project "Social Protection Knowledge Generation and Policy Analysis in MENA", a partnership between the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Middle...

“Besides earning some income, this short-term job opportunity planting and picking strawberries allowed me to improve my skills in planting. With this experience, I am now ready to work in any farm and hope that I will find another work opportunity soon to keep supporting my family.” Tahani Ali is a 42-year-old Palestine refugee who lives with her seven-member family in Beit Lahia, Gaza and  is one of over 10,000 Palestine refugees in Gaza who were selected for a much sought-after short term work opportunity through the UNRWA cash-for-work programme.

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Qatar on Tuesday said it is sending $480 million to Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip after a cease-fire deal ended the deadliest fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants since a 2014 war. Qatar's Foreign Ministry said $300 million would support health and education programs of the Palestinian Authority, while $180 million would go toward "urgent humanitarian relief" in U.N. programs and toward electricity.

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This study aims to provide an initial general assessment of opportunities and challenges for shock-responsive social protection in the MENA region. It centres on the following research questions: 1) What are the key considerations in building the resilience and shockresponsiveness of national social protection systems in MENA?; 2) Are child-sensitive and equitable social protection mechanisms sufficiently equipped to face shocks?; and 3) How can national social protection systems be better equipped to implement a humanitarian response to covariate shocks?

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Hamas officials on Tuesday claimed Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has expressed willingness, through international mediators, to advance humanitarian projects in the Gaza Strip, including improving the enclave’s electricity infrastructure, according to a Lebanese report.

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The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has received a contribution of more than US$800,000 from the Government of Japan to help bolster food security in Gaza whose inhabitants are experiencing high levels of deprivation. WFP will use these funds to provide electronic vouchers to more than 63,000 of the poorest and most vulnerable non-refugees in Gaza.

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"The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is confronted by significant challenges resulting from multiple shocks and complex emergencies: countries in the region face various risks in terms of natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods and drought; violent conflicts, such as in Syria, pose unprecedented challenges related to the scale of human displacement; and the breakdown of service provision caused by conflict is leading to the increasing prevalence of malnutrition and communicable diseases in Yemen". (...)

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Qatar will not be giving Hamas $15 million this month, after Israel last month expressed opposition to the continued payments to the terror group, which distributes the Qatari cash to the families of terrorists – but the Gulf principality will still be giving out money to Gazans, directly by hand. Qatari official Muhammad al-Amadi entered Gaza on Sunday, carrying with him $5.5 million in cash – which he will be giving out to Gazans Monday.

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$15 million in Qatari funds will arrive in the Gaza Strip this week after the transfer was stalled last week following violent clashes on the coastal enclave's border with Israel, a Qatari diplomat told Reuters.

The delayed transfer has led Hamas in recent weeks to threaten escalated violence if Israel did not allow the funds to be delivered, beginning with the weekly protests along the border.

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Governments in low and middle-income countries are increasingly investing in social protection, and also address many of their own people’s ‘humanitarian’ needs themselves. For their international partners, who may have an important role in filling gaps when household needs exceed national capacity to meet them, support for the strengthening of national systems, combined with a shift from short-run to more durable approaches, is becoming a unifying framework for assistance.

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