develop_region: 
Sub-Saharan Africa
iso2: 
NE
iso3: 
NER
Continent: 
Africa
Official name: 
Republic of Niger

Climate change adaptation for smallholder farmers in the Lake Chad Basin

The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) commits additional US$ 640,000 to support UNICEF humanitarian action in Niger. The country continues to face acute and chronic humanitarian crises that are unlikely to improve in the coming years. In 2018, SIDA’s financial support has helped UNICEF accelerate its multisectoral response to children and communities affected by conflict and floods in several regions.

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The longstanding “cash versus food” debate has received renewed attention in both research and practice. This paper reviews key issues shaping the debate and presents new evidence from randomized and quasi-experimental evaluations that deliberately compare cash and in-kind food transfers in ten developing counties. Findings show that relative effectiveness cannot be generalized: although some differences emerge in terms of food consumption and dietary diversity, average impacts tend to depend on context, specific objectives, and their measurement.

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The heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) today pledged to increase support for regional efforts addressing the critical food and nutrition security situation in the Sahel. Close to 6 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure in the current lean season.

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The humanitarian crisis in the Africa's Lake Chad basin, which affects parts of Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon, continues to worsen due to prolonged violence, insecurity, and environmental degradation. To help the most vulnerable communities, the European Commission announced new funding of €138 million combining humanitarian and development assistance. This is part of an overall EU aid package for the region worth €232 million.

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Rigorous research in humanitarian settings is possible when researchers and programmers work together, particularly in the early stages when responses to humanitarian challenges are designed. Six new rigorous research studies from five countries: Ecuador, Mali, Niger, Lebanon and Yemen and proceedings from a workshop bringing together researchers and practitioners illustrate this point.

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Nearly 6 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure during the lean season (June‒August). Unless urgent action is taken, the number of children with severe acute malnutrition is likely to rise from 1.1 to 1.6 million.

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Experience of cash transfer programming (CTP) in West Africa has traditionally focused on responding to chronic food crises in the Sahelian strip. Since 2015, the intensification of the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin has led to the development of an interest in cash transfers across sectors, a dynamic driven by organizations’ headquarters, drawing lessons from the emergency response in the Middle East and the experimentation with Multipurpose Cash Grants1 (MPGs).

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A recent strand of aid programming aims to develop household assets by removing the stresses associated with meeting basic nutritional needs. In this paper, we posit that such programmes can also boost nutrition in recipient households by encouraging further investment in diet. To test this hypothesis, we study the World Food Programme’s “Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO)” in Niger, a conflict-affected, low income country with a high share of malnourishment.

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The methods used to identify beneficiaries of programmes aiming to address persistent poverty and shocks are subject to frequent policy debates. Relying on panel data from Niger, this paper analyses the performance of different targeting methods that are widely used by development and humanitarian actors and explores how they can be applied as part of an adaptive social protection (ASP) system. The methods include proxy-means testing (PMT), household economy analysis (HEA), geographical targeting, and combined methods.

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