Health intersects with resilience and sustained poverty escapes in at least three ways. Health problems can be a shock that reduces well-being temporarily or with longer term impoverishing effects. Health is also an important form of human capital that can act as a resilience capacity to protect individuals, households, and communities in the face of adversity. Finally, health outcomes are in and of themselves development outcomes that need to be sustained in the face of shocks and stresses.
The effect of household cash transfers depends on how businesses respond to the demand shock and on the resulting effect on prices. Such market effects have been overlooked in the literature, which mostly focuses on direct impacts on households. This article studies the effect of a household cash transfer programme on the retail businesses operating in two refugee camps in Kenya, providing novel insights about how markets work in such contexts. Refugees receive a monthly mobile money transfer that can only be spent at registered businesses.
Cash transfers have become a key policy tool to protect vulnerable populations from malnutrition. Ample evidence shows these programs to have positive impacts on nominal food consumption expenditure. However, with rising food prices, nominal impacts might systematically differ from real impacts. We analyze the effects of Kenya's Hunger Safety Net Program on food demand during a drastic price shock. We find that the impact on nominal food expenditures overstates the impact measured at constant prices.
Growing recognition of the harmful effects of child marriage has placed its elimination on the global and national agenda. To address this problem, we reviewed the global state of evidence on what works to prevent child marriage. Our research focuses exclusively on rigorously evaluated interventions, defined as interventions evaluated as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), quasi-experimental study, or a natural experiment, and incorporates new results not included in previous reviews.
According to the Health Care Index, derived from a collation of data provided by the World Health Organization (WHO), health ministries and independent watchdogs in the health sector, South Africa topped the African rankings with an index of 64.14. The Health Care Index gives a single measure of the state of each country’s health system. Tunisia scored 57.18, making it the second on the list of African Countries with the best Health care system.