OPINION: Recently Papua, Yogyakarta and Central Java were hit hard by floods and landslides, killing at least 84 people and affecting over 11,000 families. The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has confirmed that hydrometeorogical disasters would pose serious risks for our country this year. Last year alone, Indonesia was hit extremely hard by volcanic eruptions, earthquake and tsunami apart from a fairly new phenomena, soil liquefaction in Central Sulawesi.
Indonesia’s Basis Data Terpadu (BDT, known as the Unified Database, or UDB) can be classified as a social registry that unifies information for poverty targeting across the country’s largest social assistance programs. The UDB database now covers 25.7million households (93million individuals) located in 82,464 villages nationwide (2016), making it one of the largest databases of its kind in the world.97 Moreover, Indonesia’s publicly available Management Standards define international best practice for accountability in this field.
Money disbursed from the social assistance fund in the first two months of 2019 rose 70.1 percent to Rp23.6 trillion from Rp13.9 trillion in the same period of 2018, Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati said. The amount rose as the number of the Family Hope Program (PKH) recipients and the nominal value of the fund increased, she told the press in Jakarta on Tuesday. The money disbursed in January and February 2019 accounted for 23.1 percent of the ceiling of Rp102,1 trillion set in the state budget, she said.
The government claimed that the first batch of disbursement of social assistance under the Family Hope Program (PKH) in 2019 had reached 96 percent.
A nationwide experiment with basic income in Finland has not increased employment among those participating in the two-year trial, but their general well-being seems to have increased, a report said Friday.
The Social Insurance Institution of Finland, or Kela, said "it was not yet possible to draw any firm conclusions" from the first half of the experiment, where about 2,000 randomly selected, unemployed people aged 25-58 got tax-free income of 560 euros ($636) a month with no questions asked.
Statistics Indonesia has said an increase in social assistance from the government for low income families last year helped boost people's purchasing power, the main aspect in gross domestic product (GDP) growth.
“It means that government cash transfers to low income households helped them buy or consume [goods],” BPS deputy statistics analyst Sri Soelistyowati said in a media conference on Wednesday as reported by kontan.co.id.
Social protection programmes are now widely recognised as key policy instruments for developing countries to combat poverty. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has explicitly recognised the importance of implementing “nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors” as an explicit target under Sustainable Development Goal 1: “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”.1 Nonetheless, knowledge of specific programmes being implemented across developing countries can be fragmented or inaccessible.