develop_region: 
South-Asia
iso2: 
IN
iso3: 
IND
Continent: 
Asia
Official name: 
Republic of India

As many as 1,160 differently-abled people were given assistance under The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, during 2017-2018, social welfare minister K Beichhua informed the state assembly on Friday. There are two observation homes for differently-abled people of below 18 years -- Bethsaida home at Durtlang and Rephidim home at Laipuitlang, both in Aizawl, Beichhua said while replying to a query from C Lalsawivunga of opposition Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM).

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Innovations in social protection financing: Impact Bonds

Recent debates about the optimal form of social protection programs have highlighted the potential for cash as the preferred form of transfer to low income households. However, in-kind transfers remain prevalent throughout the world. We argue that beneficiaries themselves may prefer in-kind transfers because these transfers can provide insurance against price risk. Households in developing countries often face substantial price variation as a result of poorly integrated markets.

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United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), in partnership with Samhita-Collective Good Foundation’s (CGF) REVIVE Alliance, has committed to supporting and restoring the livelihoods of informal workers, nano and micro-entrepreneurs, artisans and women collectives who have been severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Although the COVID‐19 pandemic resulted in about a 24% decline in India's GDP during the April–June 2020 quarter, the nation's agricultural sector, somewhat surprisingly, seems to have done remarkably well. This paper examines whether the public transfer program Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY), announced immediately after the lockdown, benefited farmers in dealing with the COVID shock. Overall, 95% of the smallholders received support from at least one of PMGKY's four components.

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The Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the potential of social protection programs in mitigating labor market shocks. We examine the role of one of the world's largest employment guarantee schemes, India's MG-NREGA, in cushioning job losses in one of the worst affected economies due to the pandemic. Our findings indicate that regions with greater historical state capacity to provide public workdays under the scheme generated relatively higher employment during the pandemic.

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An important element of social protection systems are regulatory frameworks. The absence of a legal framework for social protection leaves individuals and communities in need exposed to arbitrary decision-making and political change. A strong statutory basis which recognises social protection as a right ensures accountable institutions and enables individuals to make legitimate claims and enforce their rights, thus creating legal awareness, which is central to the legal empowerment of the most vulnerable members of society.

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This report documents the ongoing policy responses to the COVID-19 crisis in South Asia and lessons that can be drawn for the future of social protection in the region.

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While academics and policymakers prefer unconditional cash transfer to the poor, they value in-kind transfers that protect against price fluctuations.

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The views, thoughts and opinions presented in this blog post belong to its author(s). They are not necessarily shared by socialprotection.org.

ahida Bibi feared for her family's survival when she lost her job as a housekeeper in Islamabad during the COVID-19 outbreak. Zahida's four children depend on her income – and so does her husband, a cancer patient. Pakistan's Ehsaas Emergency Cash Program provided Zahida with a fast, digital lifeline she could access through a mobile phone. "This program is a ray of hope for poor families," she said. 

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