OPINION: Chile’s government has sought for years to fix inequality problems that date to free market reforms under Pinochet. It just wasn’t nearly enough.
OPINION: After weeks of intense, sometimes violent nationwide protests, Chilean President Sebastian Piñera has relented to demands to rewrite the Chilean Constitution. The protesters say they want a new constitution to address Chile’s severe social and economic inequities.
The implementation of public policies to promote child development from early childhood is based on a solid body of evidence from various disciplines such as neuroscience, developmental psychology, economics and behavioural sciences. There is a consensus that this type of policy constitutes a highly cost-effective investment for countries in multiple areas and that it allows them to equalize development opportunities and thereby overcome the inequities associated with social determinants.
As over a million people streamed through Santiago’s streets in a series of protest marches last week, one elderly couple stood out from the largely youthful crowd. The pension system, introduced decades ago under Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-1990 dictatorship, has been heralded as a model of privatization, imitated by other countries. But Chile’s retirees - once promised over 70% of their final salaries - often end up unable to meet the stringent requirements for paying into the scheme.
After 12 days of mass demonstrations, rioting and human rights violations, the government of President Sebastián Piñera must now find a way out of the crisis that has engulfed Chile. Analysts have correctly interpreted the wave of protests as a reflection of discontent with the material, political and social inequalities engendered by the economic model imposed by the country’s former dictator Augusto Pinochet.
OECD’s biennial report on the pension systems across OECD and G20 countries. Each edition opens with an overview comparing pension policies of OECD countries and recent reforms. This is followed by at least one thematic chapter and a range of indicators including pension projections for today’s workers.
El Banco Integrado de Programas Sociales (BIPS), del Ministerio de Desarrollo Social, pone a disposición de la ciudadanía el listado oficial de los programas sociales y una descripción para cada uno de ellos. Para el caso de los programas sociales que están siendo ejecutados por el Estado de Chile se incluye adicionalmente un informe de seguimiento y para el caso de los programas nuevos y reformulados significativamente un informe de recomendación según el resultado de la evaluación ex ante.