develop_region: 
East Asia & Pacific
iso2: 
KH
iso3: 
KHM
Continent: 
Asia
Official name: 
Kingdom of Cambodia

In a bid to improve the welfare of the poor and most vulnerable, the government has reinforced the National Social Protection Council (NSPC) with the creation of a Social Assistance Sub-Committee (SASC).

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The paper analyses the current and possible future development of social protection systems in three Mekong countries: Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam. The three countries are at differing levels of development but face a number of shared challenges including poverty and malnutrition, climate change and food price volatility. Their social protection systems range from an embryonic system in Laos to an ‘emerging’ system in Viet Nam.

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Labour migration is a key feature of the ASEAN labour market and is expected to continue to increase over the coming years. It has a significant economic impact on individuals, households and countries of destination and origin. Yet, access to social protection for migrant workers remains limited due to lack of portability arrangements, legislative barriers, discrimination, and poor compliance with existing social security laws. This report provides an overview of the developments, challenges, and prospects of social protection for migrant workers in ASEAN.

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OPINION: Countries in ASEAN have achieved strong economic growth and substantially reduced poverty over the past 20 years. Deep political commitment to effective policies has lifted over 100 million people out of poverty since 2000. ASEAN as a whole has been a standout success story in its overall development. Yet on average, education, skill development and health indicators are below what is expected given ASEAN’s income levels. Protecting ASEAN’s impressive gains over the past two decades will require prioritizing investments in people — that is, human capital.

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It shows progress in expenditure, primarily driven by social insurance and coverage between 2009 and 2015. Spending on women has improved in several countries, yet others continued to favor the nonpoor over the poor, and men over women. The Social Protection Index—now the Social Protection Indicator—was developed by the Asian Development Bank and its partners as the first comprehensive and quantitative measure of social protection systems in Asia and the Pacific.

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The complementarity of social protection and disaster risk management (DRM) is increasingly acknowledged by ASEAN. Accordingly, this study, the overarching research question of which is: What factors enable social protection systems and programmes in ASEAN countries to be responsive to shocks and to deliver an effective response?

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It is a universal assumption that mothers are the ones who take care of children, but more fathers are now taking time off to look after their new-born babies and their partners soon after childbirth. Countries worldwide are setting benchmarks for policies to support men’s involvement in parenting with a focus on paternity leave. 

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Cambodia - Ministry of Economy and Finance

The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) accounts for the administration of financial and economic policy and affair in the Kingdom of Cambodia. In accordance to the official website, the ministry was commissioned by the Royal Government of Cambodia to perform missions of guidances and administrations in economic and financial affairs. The current Minister responsible for the Ministry of Economic and Finance is Aun Porn Moniroth, as of 2013.

Undefined

Cambodia on Tuesday requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to consider providing aid – especially to the elderly, people with disabilities and orphaned children. In the meantime, the bank is studying the country’s social welfare system before announcing a raft of technical assistance as part of the execution of its Social Protection Development Fund project.

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Rising inequality as well as the need to build resilience to crises, whether economic and financial crises, or natural disasters, have increased the call for strengthening social protection in the Asia-Pacific region. To strengthen social protection, most countries in the region have already set in place income support schemes, often targeted towards certain vulnerable groups. Those include schemes for providing universal social pensions for older persons, income support schemes targeted at poor families, schemes targeting women, as well as food-for-work schemes.

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