develop_region: 
East Asia & Pacific
iso2: 
KH
iso3: 
KHM
Continent: 
Asia
Official name: 
Kingdom of Cambodia

Rising inequality as well as the need to build resilience to crises, whether economic and financial crises, or natural disasters, have increased the call for strengthening social protection in the Asia-Pacific region. To strengthen social protection, most countries in the region have already set in place income support schemes, often targeted towards certain vulnerable groups. Those include schemes for providing universal social pensions for older persons, income support schemes targeted at poor families, schemes targeting women, as well as food-for-work schemes.

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Ms Sophoan is a domestic worker from rural poor family who is now living in Phnom Penh. Her earnings from this work represent the main income in her family with three children. However, these earnings stopped when she forced herself to take a break from physically demanding work due to unbearable pain at her third child 8 months pregnancy. What should have been a joyful time turned her very vulnerable as she was unable to pay for essential food, housing or medical costs.

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In a corner of her wooden house, 18-year-old Dam Siv Lean is breast-feeding her three-day-old baby boy. When asked about her treatment at the health center, she smiles and says, “The nurses were nice. Their kind words calmed me down when I was in so much pain.”

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Non-timber forest producer groups and associations represented important providers of social protection, while making a significant contribution to forest conservation and poverty eradication goals. About 68 percent of total rural households across Cambodia relied on forest resources for their livelihood activities.

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Les chauffeurs de tuk-tuk et les employés domestiques pourraient bientôt bénéficier d’une protection sociale.

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Currently only civil servants and veterans receive an old age pension, making up about 313,000 pensioners (2015). For the rest of the population of 15 million there is no pension system. Without a pension system population ageing will lead to increased poverty of the elderly and growing financial burdens on the families taking care of the elderly.

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The construction industry in Cambodia employs between 200.000 and 250.000 workers. It consists of complex sub-contracting arrangements. Large firms, often foreign companies tend to operate in the formal sector but only employ a small number of staff.

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The EU Social Protection Systems (EU-SPS) Initiative supported national, regional and international expert institutions in 11 mainly low income countries in their efforts to develop inclusive and sustainable social protection systems. Country ownership, sustainability and wide participation of national and regional experts are the core principles for the EU-SPS work.

This document summarizes the actions taken by THL-Finland in different partner countries.

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Strengthening capacity on risk informed and shock responsive social protection in ASEAN

Social protection programmes are now widely recognised as key policy instruments for developing countries to combat poverty. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has explicitly recognised the importance of implementing “nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors” as an explicit target under Sustainable Development Goal 1: “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”.1 Nonetheless, knowledge of specific programmes being implemented across developing countries can be fragmented or inaccessible.

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