The prevalence of adult obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean has tripled since 1975, affecting one in four adults in a region where hunger has grown once again, reaching 42.5 million people, according to a new United Nations report issued today, the Panorama of Food and Nutritional Security 2019.
Diverse social programmes —including conditional cash transfer programmes, labour and production inclusion programmes and social pensions— are being implemented in Latin American and Caribbean countries with the aim of ending poverty and reducing inequalities throughout the life cycle.
Social protection systems in Latin America have experienced deep structural change in the last two decades. Policies, programmes and institutions have emerged in all countries in the region directed at population groups characterised by low incomes and informal employment. Social assistance – budget-financed and rules based programmes providing transfers and services to disadvantaged groups – reaches around one third of the population in the region.
Mexico’s Congress voted to grant the country’s cleaners, cooks, babysitters, gardeners, caretakers and other domestic workers basic labor rights like limited work hours and paid vacations on Tuesday, in a momentous victory for a historically disenfranchised part of society.
This paper argues that the recent reversals in pension privatization hold important lessons for the political economy of pension reform. While international policy diffusion accelerated the adoption of private systems, pushing diffusion in some cases even too far, domestic factors were crucial in explaining the reversals. In particular, the interaction between problem pressure in the form of high public debt, weak financial markets, and politically unconstrained governments can explain when and why countries renationalize their pension systems.
The Government of Canada and Métis Nation have taken significant action to ensure Métis people have greater opportunities for employment and can achieve lifelong prosperity for themselves, their families and their communities. Working in partnership is the best way to ensure better outcomes for Métis people.
What factors enable social protection systems to be more responsive to shocks? This is the main research question of the Study on Shock-responsive Social Protection in Latin America and the Caribbean, a flagship initiative by World Food Programme (WFP) and Oxford Policy Management (OPM) in collaboration with many partners and governments in the region. Watch this video for a summary of their findings!