Uganda’s economy has grown at a slower pace in recent years, reducing its impact on poverty. The economy slowed down in 2017 with a real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 4.4 per cent, down from 5.5 per cent in the previous year. This was accompanied by a corresponding increase in poverty levels from 19.7 per cent in 2012/13 to approximately 27 per cent in 2016/17. Children under 18 comprise more than half (56%) of the population, and child poverty remains widespread. The Child Poverty and Deprivation Report (2013) revealed that more than half (55%) of children aged 0-4 years are deprived on at least two of six dimensions.
Uganda is home to over 1.38 million refugees and asylum seekers. Basic services in the 11 refugee-hosting districts are overstretched. Underfunded humanitarian programs leave refugees extremely vulnerable and severely strain social services, including health, education, water and sanitation.