Innovations in social protection financing: Impact Bonds

Increasing focus on evidence-based solutions to global development issues calls for innovation in interventions in this space. There is also a need to crowd in private investment given the fiscal constraints faced by governments around the world in financing social protection and development. Impact Bonds can succeed in attracting investment and achieving a shift in policy dialogue to outcome-evaluation, evidence and accountability, although it remains a challenge to find outcomes that serve a policy purpose that are also relevant to investors. Impact bonds In recent years, Impact Bonds have started being discussed as a potential solution for certain kinds of social challenges. These bonds have been variously named as Social Impact Bonds, Development Impact Bonds, Pay-...Read more

Social protection systems can play a central role in combating both monetary and multidimensional child poverty, given their potential to contribute to break the inter-generational cycle of poverty, improve children’s nutritional, health and educational status and reduce socio-economic barriers to children’s well-being.

Recording of the webinar organised by the Social Protection for Employment – Community (SPEC) which discussed BRAC’s graduation programme, Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP).

Cultivating a long-term social protection strategy in Nigeria

A group of young ladies in the Asokoro section of Abuja, Nigeria. Photo credit: Mark Fischer, Flickr
Improving national social protection systems is a major task for all governments. The main purpose of social protection is to reduce poverty, economic shocks and vulnerability, which in turn, helps to determine the country-specific social protection design requirements (ADB, 2003). In Nigeria, there are three tiers of government: federal, state and local. Prior to the current political dispensation, at the federal level, some forms of social protection programmes had been instituted by military and civilian governments. Past social protection interventions in Nigeria include: Family Economic Advancement Programme Better Life for Rural Women Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure National Directorate of Employment Family Support Programme Family Economic...Read more

Recording of the fourth webinar linking social protection and employment programmes, organised by the Social Protection for Employment Community (SPEC), on


Webinar recording from the second session on the "ISPA Public Works Assessment Tool", continuing the ISPA Webinar Series, provided a presentation on the process of initiation, implementation, results, reception and impact of an ISPA Assessment of the Public Works Component of the Tanzanian Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) programme.


Barnabas Jachi, Chief Engineer, Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)

Dampu Ndenzako, Social Protection Specialist. ILO-Tanzania


The first session of the "ISPA Public Works Assessment Tool" webinars, continuing the ISPA Tool Webinar Series, presented a general introduction on the development of the Tool and how it can help national and global stakeholders assess the performance of public works programmes in a country, as well as setting out possible enhancement and scaling up of existing programmes and/or contributing to the design of new programmes.

Mito Tsukamoto, Senior Specialist, Employment Intensive Investment Programme, the International Labour Organisation



ISPA will be holding a Regional Face to Face Training event in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from March 12th to March 16th. Experts in the field will participate and learn from first-hand experience on implementing ISPA tools in Indonesia, Peru, Tanzania, among others. Participants will join from the host country Indonesia, as well as from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, and Vietnam.


Social protection programmes increasingly mainstream gender in their design, but very few assess gender-related changes through monitoring and evaluation. Gender-sensitive M&E is critical to identify different outcomes of social protection interventions on women and men, determine whether social protection is empowering poor women and how, and re-adjust the programmes accordingly.

Focusing on impact evaluations, the webinar will explore the following questions:


This report provides evidence on the lived experiences of women in low-income families, as they strive to balance their paid work and unpaid care work responsibilities. It presents the findings of a mixed-methods research project carried out in India, Nepal, Rwanda, and Tanzania during 2015–17.

The findings of the research are clear and strong: that while women welcome the chance to earn income of almost any kind, their paid work options are few and poorly paid, and by no means contribute to their ‘economic empowerment’.