With the increased routine consideration of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) in Humanitarian Assistance (alongside other modalities) there has been a subsequent increase in the need for more robust and routine cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness analysis.
Social protection policies typically involve multiple sectors, ranging from food security to health care. Despite this, limited research is directed toward understanding how different social protection programs complement each other. In this study, we explore complementarities between three major national social protection programs in rural Ethiopia: the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), the Health Fee Waiver (HFW) system, and the Community Based Health Insurance (CBHI) in the Ethiopian highlands (Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, and Tigray regions).
Experience of cash transfer programming (CTP) in West Africa has traditionally focused on responding to chronic food crises in the Sahelian strip. Since 2015, the intensification of the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin has led to the development of an interest in cash transfers across sectors, a dynamic driven by organizations’ headquarters, drawing lessons from the emergency response in the Middle East and the experimentation with Multipurpose Cash Grants1 (MPGs).