The contribution of social protection to the labour market through long-term human development is widely recognized. In recent years, many countries have tried to link social protection programmes such as cash transfers to livelihood or graduation approaches, self-employment, skills development, counselling and active labour market interventions to help the working-age beneficiaries enter into sustainable employment. Other programmes tried to engage the beneficiaries with formal jobs offered by the work programs of other departments (e.g. Ministry of Public Works). Traditionally, public works have been used for creating short-term jobs in the context of seasonal unemployment. Key questions asked about these programs include the scale, sustainability, quality of the work (decent job?) and cost effectiveness.
The webinar of SPEC on Social protection and the Changing Labour Market: Finding the Missing Links looked to contribute to the debate on linking social protection to sustainable employment. Including a short presentation to trigger discussion by a panel of experts and representatives from the Governments of India, Peru and the Philippines, the webinar has drawn upon the findings from the South-South Knowledge Collaboration workshop on Designing and Implementing Social Protection Programmes for Employment held in Manila in 2017. This workshop was hosted by the Government of the Philippines, German Development Cooperation (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation), and Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
An elaborate report titled Linking Social Protection to Employment: Current Practices and Future Direction written by Anna McCord drawing upon the lessons learnt in the above mentioned workshop was launched in the webinar. The report sets forth a typology of the implementation modalities of linking social protection with employment programmes, each with its implementation challenges and lessons. Access it here.
Anna McCord, Research Associate, Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Aparajita Sarangi, Joint Secretary (MGNREGA), the Ministry of Rural Development, India
Maria Eugenia Mujica, Vice Minister of Policy and Social Evaluation, the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion (MIDIS), Peru
Michael Samson, Director of Research, Economic Policy Research Institute (EPRI), South Africa
Ana Maria B Raymundo, Planning and Policy Development Unit Head and Officer-in-Charge, Technical Support Services Division of the Sustainable Livelihood Program, the Philippines
Simone Cecchini, Senior Social Affairs Officer, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC/CEPAL)