Programme objectives

To increase income and consumption, improve the ability to cope
with shocks, and enhance and protect the human capital of children
among extremely poor populations.

References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania - Results from a Randomized Trial. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Country
Geographic area
Previous programme name (if any)
 
Start date
2000
References
TASAF I ran from 2000 to 2005; TASAF II from 2005–2013; the programme is currently in its third phase—TASAF III/PSSN. Reference: Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2011. “TASAF: Project to Program.” Presentation at TFESSD Learning Forum, Dar es Salaam, 15–17 November. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTUNITFESSD/Resources/1633787-1322594494226/TASAFPROJECT- PROGRAMDAR-ES-SALAAM.pdf>.
Programme components
TASAF III has four components: • the Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN), which is made up of a basic grant (unconditional cash transfer), a conditional cash transfer and a public works subcomponent; • enhancement of livelihoods and increasing incomes, which involves community savings and investments and livelihood enhancing grants; • targeted infrastructure development; and • capacity building (to ensure adequate programme implementation by communities, local government authorities, and regional- and national-level players).
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Conditionalities (if any)
Households with children: in areas where health services are available, children under two years old should undergo a routine health check once a month and children over two years old should have a routine check every semester. In areas where health services are unavailable, caretakers of children under 60 months of age should attend health and nutrition training sessions every two months. School enrolment and attendance (at least 80 per cent of school days per month) is also required for children 5–18 years old. Households with pregnant women: attendance at four antenatal exams or health and nutrition sessions every two months, for areas where health services are not available.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Contribution type and amount
 
Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
Geographical Targeting
Community-Based Targeting
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Targeted areas
Nationwide
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2011. “TASAF: Project to Program.” Presentation at TFESSD Learning Forum, Dar es Salaam, 15–17 November. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTUNITFESSD/Resources/1633787-1322594494226/TASAFPROJECT- PROGRAMDAR-ES-SALAAM.pdf>.
Target groups
Children; elderly people; able-bodied citizens who are unemployed
Eligibility criteria
PSSN: all poor and vulnerable households targeted by the common targeting system are eligible for a basic unconditional cash transfer. Additionally, households comprising children and/or pregnant women are also eligible for the conditional transfer; households with members capable of physical activity are also eligible to participate in the public works part of the programme. In case of unforeseen shocks and if additional resources are available, other households in affected areas will also have the opportunity to participate in the public works programme. Livelihood enhancement (under development): PSSN households interested in forming savings groups, after having completed a full cycle of savings and having embarked on a second cycle, will be eligible to compete for a livelihood enhancing grant.
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania - Results from a Randomized Trial. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
Recertification of beneficiaries is performed every three years, which includes a reapplication of the targeting methods and community validation.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Type of benefits
Cash
Amount of benefits
PSSN unconditional fixed cash transfer (basic transfer): USD6 per household per month. To this value, additional conditional and unconditional transfers (based on the number of children and compliance with health and education conditionalities) may be added up to a maximum amount of USD23 per month per household. Public works: USD1.35 per day. The amount of transfers is reviewed regularly according to inflation and other relevant considerations. Livelihood enhancement: livelihood enhancing grants (unspecified amounts) are disbursed in response to proposals by existing Community Savings Groups.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Payment/delivery frequency
Bi-monthly (cash transfers); fortnightly (public works)
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Benefit delivery mechanism
Within the PSSN component, cash transfers are managed at the village level by Community Cash Transfer Management Committees; and the public works via payment agencies.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Benefit recipients
 
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
Within the PSSN component, the maximum duration of the public works is four months per year.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Coverage
TASAF III targets about 15 per cent of the Tanzanian population, or about 6 million people (2016).
Programme expenditure
Total commitments: USD340.3 million (2011)
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania - Results from a Randomized Trial. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Institutions and agencies involved
Government of Tanzania; International Development Association (IDA); UK Department for International Development (DFID); Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA); United States Agency for International Development (USAID); UNICEF; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); International Labour Organization (ILO); United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Cash transfers: managed by Community Cash Transfer Management Committee. Public works: managed and monitored by Community Public Works Management Committee, which responds to the Project Area Authority.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam; TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.