Programme objectives

To provide an integrated response to support poor families

Legal Frameowrk: A legal framework has not yet been finalised; however, implementation is currently taking place in nine states

References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Country
Geographic area
Previous programme name (if any)
Social Support Project (SSP)/Social Initiative Programme (SIP)
Start date
2016
References
The programme started in 2011 with its old name, and the new, integrated programme started in 2016. Reference: UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Programme components
i. Shamel: unconditional cash transfers; in-kind transfers; nutrition support; water services; housing; advocacy and awareness-raising
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Conditionalities (if any)
 
Contribution type and amount
 
Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
References
Identification of beneficiary households based on a survey conducted by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences in 2009 ; a PMT questionnaire is being tested in three states (December 2016), with World Bank support. References: Turkawi, A. 2015. Social Protection and Safety Nets in Sudan. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/ SocialprotectionandsafetynetsinSudan.pdf>. World Bank. 2016. Sudan Social Safety Net Project (P148349). Implementation Status and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/954591481585178049/pdf/ISR-Disclosabl e-P148349-12-12-2016-1481585162607.pdf>.
Targeted areas
i. Shamel: it is planned to be implemented nationally (18 states); however, the actual work has taken place in 9 states ii. Shamel school feeding programme: states with high poverty rates
References
Ministry of Welfare and Social Security. n.d. Procedures Manual of the Comprehensive Social Security Programme. Khartoum: Ministry of Welfare and Social Security. Internal archives. In Arabic. UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Target groups
i. Shamel: poor households identified using criteria established by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: schoolchildren
Eligibility criteria
i. Shamel: There are 10 criteria to identify poor families, established by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences. If a household has one or more of the following characteristics, it is considered poor: 1. The family does not have any income, the head of the family is unemployed, and there is no one able to work 2. The income of the head of the family is less than SDG120 per month, and the family has no income from any other source 3. The average per capita consumption of the family is less than SDG114 per month 4. The head of the family is unemployed as a result of disability, illness or lack of work 5. The total family monthly income is less than the minimum wage 6. The family is afflicted by diseases that are financially charged, and the head of the family is paid 7. The head of the family has a chronic illness and a family of six or more members, who are all in education and have no other source of income 8. The head of the household owns assets such as a house or agricultural land or a taxi that does not work, so these assets do not generate income, and he has no money to invest and a family that depends on him 9. Entrepreneurs such as carpenters, farmers and blacksmiths who do not produce enough for their sustenance and have no other income 10. Agricultural workers and shepherds who have no livestock or other income and have families of six or more members; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: The eligibility criteria and the conditionalities for service provision are mainly based on the data generated by the survey ‘inventory of poor households in Sudan’, implemented by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences. The survey identified and selected the states with the highest poverty rates; the further selection of localities and schools is done by the local Zakat Chamber
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
 
Type of benefits
i. Shamel: cash; in-kind; services; housing; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: in-kind (meals)
Amount of benefits
i. Shamel: unconditional cash transfer of SDG200
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Payment/delivery frequency
i. Shamel: monthly (however, beneficiaries asked to receive it every three months so that they can obtain larger sums to help them); ii. Shamel school feeding programme: daily
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Benefit delivery mechanism
i. Shamel: The Saving and Social Development Bank (SSDB) is entrusted with disbursing the cash to targeted households, along with zakat points at state level; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: in schools
References
Turkawi, A. 2015. Social Protection and Safety Nets in Sudan. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/ SocialprotectionandsafetynetsinSudan.pdf
Benefit recipients
ii. Shamel school feeding programme: children
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
i. Shamel: five years; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: five years, since it is part of the Shamel project; however, the Ministry is planning to extend the duration of the project to ensure that a real impact can be achieved by implementing the scheme
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Coverage
 
Programme expenditure
Source of funding: Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning; the project is fully funded by the government; some technical assistance costs are being paid by the World Bank
References
World Bank. 2016. Sudan Social Safety Net Project (P148349). Implementation Status and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/954591481585178049/pdf/ISR-Disclosabl e-P148349-12-12-2016-1481585162607.pdf>. UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Institutions and agencies involved
i. Shamel: Ministry of Social Security and Development; Zakat Chamber; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: Ministry of Education
References
Turkawi, A. 2015. Social Protection and Safety Nets in Sudan. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/ SocialprotectionandsafetynetsinSudan.pdf
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Monitoring visits (to recommend further funding and to follow the progress of implementation of the project); monthly reports submitted by the states. MIS: A management information system is being developed as part of the World Bank’s Social Safety Net Project for Sudan
References
World Bank. 2016. Sudan Social Safety Net Project (P148349). Implementation Status and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/954591481585178049/pdf/ISR-Disclosabl e-P148349-12-12-2016-1481585162607.pdf> UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.