Programme objectives

To test how a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme could employ
a community-driven development (CDD) approach, and investigate which
systems achieve better results for highly vulnerable populations.

References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Country
Geographic area
Previous programme name (if any)
 
Start date
2009
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>.
Programme components
This programme is part of the larger Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF).
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>.
Conditionalities (if any)
To ensure that children are properly educated and that children and elderly people are healthy: children aged 0–5 had to visit a health clinic six times per year and those aged 7–15 needed to be enrolled in school with attendance rates of at least 80 per cent; elderly people had to visit a health clinic once per year.
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>. Evans, D.K. et al. 2014. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial - Research in Charts. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/01/24/000442464 _20140124104542/Rendered/PDF/839240REVISED000PUBLIC00Box0382110B.pdf>.
Contribution type and amount
 
Targeting methods
Categorical Targeting
Community-Based Targeting
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2014. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial - Research in Charts. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/01/24/000442464 _20140124104542/Rendered/PDF/839240REVISED000PUBLIC00Box0382110B.pdf>.
Targeted areas
TASAF covers villages in the districts of Bagamoyo, Chamwino and Kibaha, which were the poorest and most vulnerable districts, selected by ranking the following indicators: poverty level, food insecurity, primary school gross enrolment ratio, access to safe water, access to health facilities, AIDS case rates and road accessibility.
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>.
Target groups
Children and the vulnerable elderly people.
Eligibility criteria
Eligible households had an orphan and/or vulnerable child or an elderly person (60 years or older). The selection criteria were based on household characteristics of very poor people, as determined by the local communities. Vulnerable children were those who were abandoned, or were chronically sick, or were orphans (one or both parents deceased), or who had one or two chronically sick parents. Vulnerable elderly people were those with no caregivers, or who were sick or very poor. Priority was given to the following categories: first to child-headed households; second to households headed by an elderly person; and third to households composed solely of elderly persons.
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>. Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
 
Type of benefits
Cash
Amount of benefits
The amount of benefits varied according to the number of elderly people and vulnerable children in each household, from a minimum transfer of USD12 to a maximum transfer of USD36. A transfer of USD6 was granted for each child and USD12 for each elderly person, leading to an average payment of USD14.50 per household.
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>. Evans, D.K. et al. 2014. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial - Research in Charts. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2014/01/24/000442464 _20140124104542/Rendered/PDF/839240REVISED000PUBLIC00Box0382110B.pdf>.
Payment/delivery frequency
Bi-monthly
Benefit delivery mechanism
Community management committees were responsible for making payments to the beneficiary households.
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Benefit recipients
Usually the mother of the children in the household—if present—was the recipient
References
Evans, D.K. et al. 2013. Community Based Conditional Cash Transfers in Tanzania Results from a Randomized Trial. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/media1/all-downloads/studies/236-tanzania-cct-ie-final-report/file>.
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
 
Coverage
5,000 households or 13,000 beneficiaries (2013)
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>.
Programme expenditure
By 2011, TZS900,872,500 had been disbursed for this pilot.
References
Tanzania Social Action Fund. 2011. First Quarter Implementation Progress Report (July - September 2011). Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://interactions.eldis.org/sites/interactions.eldis. org/files/database_sp/Tanzania/CBCCT%20Pilot/CBCCT2.pdf>.
Institutions and agencies involved
Government of Tanzania; International Development Association (IDA); UK Department for International Development (DFID); United States Agency for International Development (USAID); UNICEF; World Food Programme (WFP)
References
Government of Tanzania. 2013. Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) Operational Manual. Dar es Salaam: TASAF. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.tasaf.org/index.php/reports/tasafdocumemt- archive/publications/158-tasaf-iii-pssn-operational-manual/file>.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Community organisations were expected to conduct all activities related to the programme’s implementation. The programme’s evaluation was composed of a baseline survey administered in 40 treatment and 40 control villages in February 2009, a follow-up survey (July–September 2011) and a final assessment (October 2012).
References
Redko, A. 2013. Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation 2009, Baseline Survey. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 11 November 2015. <http://www.nbs.go.tz/tnada/index.php/catalog/21>.