Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are “grants paid to beneficiaries without the beneficiary having to do anything specific to receive the benefit are described as unconditional cash transfers.” European Commission Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (2013). ‘The Use of Cash and Vouchers in Humanitarian Crises -DG ECHO funding guidelines’, ECHO (accessed 16 June 2015).
“Unconditional in-kind transfers (UITs) distribute food, vouchers, or other in-kind transfers without any form of conditionality or co-responsibility. Examples include the provision of fortified food supplements for malnourished pregnant women and children.” World Bank & International Monetary Fund (2015). ‘Global Monitoring Report 2014/2015: Ending Poverty and Sharing Prosperity’, World Bank (accessed 16 June 2015).
“Undercoverage is the proportion of poor households that are not included in the program (errors of exclusion).” See also: Errors of Exclusion Coady, D. Grosh, M. and Hoddinot, J. (2004) Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Lessons and Experience, World Bank (accessed 16 June 2015).
"A state, lasting for at least one year, of inability to acquire enough food, defined as a level of food intake insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements. For the purposes of this report, hunger was defined as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment." FAO, The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015: Glossary of selected terms. (Accessed 30 May 2016)
"The outcome of undernourishment, and/or poor absorption and/or poor biological use of nutrients consumed as a result of repeated infectious disease. It includes being underweight for one’s age, too short for one’s age (stunted), dangerously thin for one’s height (wasted) and deficient in vitamins and minerals (micronutrient malnutrition)." FAO, The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015: Glossary of selected terms. (Accessed 30 May 2016)
Unemployment assistance (UA) “benefits are intended to eliminate or reduce poverty among low income families where unemployment occurs. (…) UA is paid to only to families with unemployment whose income and assets fall below the thresholds specified by a means test.” Vroman, W. (2002). ‘Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Assistance: A Comparison’, SP Discussion Paper, No. 0203, World Bank (accessed 16 June 2015).
See Unemployment protection programmes .
Unemployment insurance (UI) “benefits are intended to smooth income by replacing a portion of an eligible worker’s lost wages attributable to unemployment (…) Recipients of UI can have high income since payments are made to partially offset the earnings losses experienced by the individual regardless of total family income.” Vroman, W. (2002). ‘Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Assistance: A Comparison’, SP Discussion Paper, No. 0203, World Bank (accessed 16 June 2015).
“Unemployment protection programmes provide compensation for the loss of income resulting from involuntary unemployment. As such, these programmes act as a source of income replacement during periods of economic adjustment. Less than 80 countries worldwide have unemployment programmes; these are mostly social insurance programmes. Generally, the period of entitlement to social insurance benefits is limited and the benefit amount is linked to the insured's pre-employment earnings level. In the...