Cash for Work programmes consist of “cash transfers distributed to vulnerable individuals or households in exchange for labour.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al (2010). ‘ Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database ’, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (accessed 19 June 2018).
“Cash transfers are direct, regular and predictable non-contributory cash payments that help poor and vulnerable households to raise and smooth incomes. The term encompasses a range of instruments (e.g. social pensions, child grants or public works programmes) and a spectrum of design, implementation and financing options.” See also: Social Assistance Source: Arnold, C. et al (2011). ‘ DFID Cash Transfers Literature Review ’, DFID (accessed 19 June 2018).
“Categorical targeting consists in selecting individuals belonging to a certain category of people using observable characteristics that do not require the collection of a large amount of data.” Source: Cirillo, C., Györi, M., Veras Soares, F. (2017). ‘ Targeting Social Protection and Agricultural Interventions – The potential for synergies ’, IPC-IG Working Paper, October 2017.
"Children’s health is the extent to which individual children or groups of children are able or enabled to (a) develop and realize their potential, (b) satisfy their needs, and (c) develop the capacities that allow them to interact successfully with their biological, physical, and social environments." Source: NCBI 2004. ' Children’s Health, The Nation’s Wealth: Assessing and Improving Child Health ', NCBI network (accessed 19 June 2018)
"The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. In its most extreme forms, child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often at a very early age. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour”...
“Community-based targeting selects eligible households by the assessment of a selected team of community members and leaders.” Source: Cirillo, C., Györi, M., Veras Soares, F. (2017). ‘ Targeting Social Protection and Agricultural Interventions – The potential for synergies ’, IPC-IG Working Paper, October 2017.
In the context of social protection, consumption and expenditure relates to a group of people's (e.g.: beneficiaries of a programme) choices in these areas.
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) refer to “cash distributed to individuals or households on condition that these undertake specified activities, e.g. that children attend school or that mothers attend primary health centres.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al (2010). ‘ Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database ’, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (accessed 19 June 2018).
“Conditional in-kind transfers (CITs) provide in-kind benefits to participants upon their fulfillment of conditions (…). Typical examples include school feeding programs that provide on-site meals to children in schools”. (In the example of school-feeding programmes, the implicit conditionality to receive the benefit is school attendance.) Source: World Bank & International Monetary Fund (2015). ‘ Global Monitoring Report 2014/2015: Ending Poverty and Sharing Prosperity ’, World Bank (...
“In the context of social welfare, the term conditionality refers to (…) households or individuals who receive government transfers conditional on some form of behavioral compliance. This means that in order to continue receiving support qualifying households have to meet specific conditions that are spelled out by the program. (…) [C]onditionality is supposed to tackle behavioral barriers that prevent households to improve their situation and escape poverty.” Source: Schüring, E. (2010). ‘...