This report first presents a diagnosis of poverty in Senegal and analyzes basic industry employment, education, and health on the basis of household surveys conducted from 1994 to 1995, with an emphasis on the results of the latest survey for 2005-06. The share of the population in poverty has decreased from 67.9 percent in 1994-1995 to 57.1 percent in 2001-02 and 50.8 percent in 2005-06. However, poverty has fallen more in urban areas than in rural areas, and gains remain fragile in the face of rising food prices which hit the population. It is the same for the areas of employment, education and health, if improvements are observed, they remain limited. An analysis of the potential impact of rising food and oil prices is the subject of the third part of the report with a discussion of some of the measures proposed by the government to fight against rising prices, the issue of taxes import. The last part of the report presents two analytical tools that may be useful to discuss public policies to fight against poverty: it is a detailed map of poverty on the one hand, and a matrix Social accounting on the other.