The aim of the focus groups is to provide case studies of countries, under Work Package 6 (WP6) of the Drivers of Health Inequalities Project. The case studies results relate to the research under WP4 (Income and Social Protection). ‘Drivers’ is a three year research program funded by the EU 7th Framework Programme. It brings together leading researchers, civil society organizations, business, and a European network of public health bodies with the aim of understanding and promoting health equity through policy and practice. The case studies will aim to explore in a comparative country context, the impact of social protection system, both operations and provisions, on health inequality.