Promoting Very Poor Women’s Entrepreneurship: Combining Social Security with Training and Micro-credit

In India and other South Asian developing economies there is a high level of under-employment, with large numbers of women who are not engaged in income-earning activities.

One way of absorbing this surplus labour is the adoption of self-employment through entrepreneurial activity: ‘replicative entrepreneurs’ using local business opportunities such as raising chicken for sale, for instance, or managing a village grocery store. Such self-employment has been promoted in Bangladesh through the micro-credit movement; in India through women’s organisations, known as Self-Help Groups (SHGs); and through Micro-Finance Institutions (MFIs) in many developing countries