Extending health coverage to all: People’s Republic of China

Between 2003 and 2013, the number of people covered by the health insurance system in China increased by ten times and has now achieved universal coverage (96.9 per cent of the population).The current health insurance system is composed of three main schemes: (1) Health Insurance for Urban Workers (HIW), (2) Health Insurance for Urban Residents (HIUR) and (3) Health Insurance for Rural Residents (HIRR).