In this infographic we analyse evidence across a set of countries to show how the way in which the information system for social protection is set-up affects what can be achieved. There are broad variations across countries setting up social registries and integrated beneficiary registries! The question we should be asking as policymakers and practitioners is therefore not what a country’s system is called, but how it has been set-up and how that affects what it can achieve. Who is covered? How is data being collected? Where is the data flowing to and from? How does this impact my policy objectives and operational effectiveness?