Cultivating a long-term social protection strategy in Nigeria

A group of young ladies in the Asokoro section of Abuja, Nigeria. Photo credit: Mark Fischer, Flickr
Improving national social protection systems is a major task for all governments. The main purpose of social protection is to reduce poverty, economic shocks and vulnerability, which in turn, helps to determine the country-specific social protection design requirements (ADB, 2003). In Nigeria, there are three tiers of government: federal, state and local. Prior to the current political dispensation, at the federal level, some forms of social protection programmes had been instituted by military and civilian governments. Past social protection interventions in Nigeria include: Family Economic Advancement Programme Better Life for Rural Women Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure National Directorate of Employment Family Support Programme Family Economic...Read more

The role of cash transfer based social assistance in eradicating poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby
Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby World poverty One in ten people in the world lives with less than $1.90 a day, and half of the world’s extreme poor live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2016) . According to the World Bank, SSA is home to some 389 million people living in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty around the world has declined largely due to rapid advances in East Asia, the Pacific and South Asia – specifically in China, Indonesia and India (World Bank, 2016) . Therefore, to eradicate poverty, the focus of donors and policy practitioners needs to be on SSA. The relationship between poverty and community Data shows that the...Read more

Webinar recording from the second session on the "ISPA Public Works Assessment Tool", continuing the ISPA Webinar Series, provided a presentation on the process of initiation, implementation, results, reception and impact of an ISPA Assessment of the Public Works Component of the Tanzanian Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) programme.


Barnabas Jachi, Chief Engineer, Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)

Dampu Ndenzako, Social Protection Specialist. ILO-Tanzania


We invite you to tune into the livestream of the this event on!


Harvesting Child Nutritional Gains through the Graduation Approach: Results from a Randomized Control Trial on BRAC’s Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP) Program

This week’s webinar, titled Harvesting Child Nutritional Gains through the Graduation Approach: results from Randomized Control Trial on BRAC’s Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP) Program , debated the implications of the TUP graduation programme, developed by BRAC. The event was hosted by and organised by the Social Protection for Employment – Community (SPEC) , in partnership with the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and BRAC. Lisa Hannigan (Director for Poverty and Social Transfers Section, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Australia) moderated the discussions, while Nazia Moqueet (Technical Specialist, BRAC USA) and Wameq A....Read more

Community level implementation of cash transfers: Eligibility, fairness, and informal redistribution

Cash transfer disbursement in rural Malawi
In the implementation of a cash transfer programme, a rift often exists between policy design and the realities of poor and vulnerable communities. Resource constraints demand stringent targeting, resulting in perceptions of unfairness emerging regarding eligibility. Informal redistribution of transfers therefore occurs, undermining policy objectives. A social protection programme’s policy manual may say one thing, but influential stakeholders within a community might disagree. In this context, informal redistribution might take place. This can result in cash transfers, and wider social protection efforts, not realising their potential impact. While this observation is not novel, it is rarely discussed. This blog therefore aims to encourage reflection on the extent to...Read more

National policy frameworks for social protection in Africa

Through its Question of the Week , the INCLUDE Knowledge Platform on Inclusive Development Policies, gathers viewpoints from its broad network of academics, policymakers, civil society organisations and other policy stakeholders on current policy questions relevant to inclusive development. [1] The highlights of discussions on two recent questions related to national policy frameworks for social protection in Africa are presented below. [2] Question of the Week 24 : How do political economy factors explain differences in the integration of social protection programmes in national social and development policies in African countries? While social protection programmes are on the rise in Sub-Saharan Africa, the extent to which they are integrated into...Read more

The second Berlin Global Learning Forum, hosted by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and jointly organized by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Global Practice Group on Social Protection, Labor and Jobs of the World Bank Group, took place from 28 – 30 September 2016. The forum’s objective is to encourage global knowledge sharing by means of peer-to-peer learning among social protection practitioners.


This event will introduce policy makers, researchers, and practitioners to MicroZAMOD, a new tax-benefit microsimulation programme which has been developed under the UNU-WIDER SOUTHMOD project, in collaboration with Zambia Institute for Policy Analysis and Research and Southern African Social Policy Research (SASPRI).


The Social Protection for Inclusive Development in Afar (SPIDA) is a research project supported by NWO in the Netherlands and it focuses on the implementation and impact of the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in Ethiopia, with specific reference to the Afar regional state.