Social protection systems can play a central role in combating both monetary and multidimensional child poverty, given their potential to contribute to break the inter-generational cycle of poverty, improve children’s nutritional, health and educational status and reduce socio-economic barriers to children’s well-being.
Around the world, developing countries are increasingly recognising the value of social transfer programmes in reducing extreme poverty, with success stories in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
When countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) achieved their independence, formal social protection schemes established by former colonial powers were, to varying degrees, assimilated or mimicked by the State, particularly pension systems for government and formal-sector workers.
In response to the current Yemen Crisis, the World Bank has partnered with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on a US$30 million World Bank-IDA funded Emergency Crisis Response Project. The program is helping to revive Yemen's economy through large “Cash4Work” projects and supporting small businesses.
The more than 658,000 Syrian refugees living in Jordan face a highly uncertain future. They cannot go home, given the ongoing conflict and insecurity in Syria; many of the most vulnerable struggle to find suitable employment that would enable them to support themselves and their families while in Jordan; around 80% reside outside of the camps amongst the host community; and the United Nations (UN) cash assistance programmes that enabled them to make ends meet are increasingly jeopardised by budget cuts.
This conference is hosted by the Ethiopian Centre for Child Research, Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP), ESRC DFID Impact Initiative for International Development Research and the Global Coalition to End Child Poverty, including African Child Policy Forum (ACPF), Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP), Save the Children, UNICEF and Young Lives.
The conference will be framed around four overarching themes: