Social protection systems can play a central role in combating both monetary and multidimensional child poverty, given their potential to contribute to break the inter-generational cycle of poverty, improve children’s nutritional, health and educational status and reduce socio-economic barriers to children’s well-being.
Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and considered a religious duty for all Muslims above a minimum wealth threshold to help those in need through financial or in-kind contributions. In Muslim-majority countries, it has a long tradition of providing social welfare. Yet, countries vary significantly in the institutionalisation of Zakat and in some contexts, collection and distribution has been channeled through public institutions and are now part of state-provided social protection systems.
The 'Social Assistance in Low and Middle Income Countries Dataset' research project collected data on social assistance programmes in low and middle income countries from 2000-2015. Indicators cover programme design and objectives, reach and transfer levels, institutionalisation, and financial resources for:
Slide presentation of the webinar held on 6 December 2018. This webinar presented the study ‘Building Shock-Responsive National Social Protection Systems in the MENA Region’, which aims to provide an initial general assessment of opportunities and challenges for shock-responsive social protection in the region.
Governments in low- and middle-income countries are increasingly investing in social protection, and also address many of their own people's 'humanitarian' needs themselves. For their international partners, who may have an important role in filling gaps when household needs exceed national capacity to meet them, support for the strengthening of national systems - combined with a shift from short-run to more durable approaches - is becoming a unifying framework for assistance.
The evaluation was commissioned by the WFP Turkey Country Office and covers the world's largest humanitarian cash transfer - the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) in Turkey, funded by the Directorate General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO).