Health care in Nigeria: Challenges and recommendations

RTI Fights NTDs follow srudents from Atu governemnt school in Calabar, Nigeria recieve medicines for NTDs during mass drug administration
Social and financial risk protection for poor and vulnerable populations is a major development and policy issue across the globe. There are numerous definitions of social protection. In the context of health, social protection is defined as programmes and measures aimed at removing financial barriers preventing access to health care services and protecting poor and vulnerable populations from the impoverishing effects of medical expenditures.[2] Financial risk protection is a key component of universal health coverage (UHC) and the health system goal of ensuring access to quality health care services without suffering financial hardship.[3] Social and financial risk protection can be provided through programmes and measures that are rooted in legislation. Lack of social and financial...Read more

Conditional or unconditional cash transfers? From ideology to policy dialogue

Building resilience against hunger and malnutrition in Burkina Faso, the European Commission's humanitarian aid department (ECHO) funds the NGO ACF to provide health and nutrition care as well as food assistance including cash transfers for the poorest families. Photo credit: EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Should cash transfers be conditional or unconditional? Putting ideological views about the approach aside, policy outcomes are most often a reflection of practical limitations and political considerations. This can be said to account for the emergence of ‘soft conditions’, involving community enforcement. Conditionality Roughly speaking, social protection cash transfers can be categorised as either conditional or unconditional: Conditional cash transfers require beneficiaries to comply with specific conditions to be eligible for the transfer. These are often related to school attendance or health care. Unconditional cash transfers do not require any specific actions to be undertaken by targeted beneficiaries. The decision about whether a new programme...Read more
Recording of the webinar organised by the Social Protection for Employment – Community (SPEC) which discussed BRAC’s graduation programme, Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP).
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Cultivating a long-term social protection strategy in Nigeria

A group of young ladies in the Asokoro section of Abuja, Nigeria. Photo credit: Mark Fischer, Flickr
Improving national social protection systems is a major task for all governments. The main purpose of social protection is to reduce poverty, economic shocks and vulnerability, which in turn, helps to determine the country-specific social protection design requirements (ADB, 2003). In Nigeria, there are three tiers of government: federal, state and local. Prior to the current political dispensation, at the federal level, some forms of social protection programmes had been instituted by military and civilian governments. Past social protection interventions in Nigeria include: Family Economic Advancement Programme Better Life for Rural Women Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure National Directorate of Employment Family Support Programme Family Economic...Read more

The role of cash transfer based social assistance in eradicating poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby
Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby World poverty One in ten people in the world lives with less than $1.90 a day, and half of the world’s extreme poor live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2016) . According to the World Bank, SSA is home to some 389 million people living in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty around the world has declined largely due to rapid advances in East Asia, the Pacific and South Asia – specifically in China, Indonesia and India (World Bank, 2016) . Therefore, to eradicate poverty, the focus of donors and policy practitioners needs to be on SSA. The relationship between poverty and community Data shows that the...Read more

The e-TRANSFORM UNICEF run is a partnership with UNICEF Ethiopia to offer this training for its local staff. This version was adapted exclusively for its purpose and will be held from 2 July until 7 September 2018!

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The second run of the TRANSFORM online course will take place from 9 July to 14 September 2018 and we would like to invite you to apply!

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Q&A - Webinar: Changes in the provision of social protection in MENA since the Arab uprisings

Dear members, please see attached Rana Jawad's and Markus Loewe's answers to the questions raised during the webinar on Monday, June 11. Thank you for the questions and comments, the presenters have found them very helpful! Some of the questions were...

With the increased routine consideration of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) in Humanitarian Assistance (alongside other modalities) there has been a subsequent increase in the need for more robust and routine cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness analysis.

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Social protection policies typically involve multiple sectors, ranging from food security to health care. Despite this, limited research is directed toward understanding how different social protection programs complement each other. In this study, we explore complementarities between three major national social protection programs in rural Ethiopia: the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), the Health Fee Waiver (HFW) system, and the Community Based Health Insurance (CBHI) in the Ethiopian highlands (Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, and Tigray regions).

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