Conditional or unconditional cash transfers? From ideology to policy dialogue

Building resilience against hunger and malnutrition in Burkina Faso, the European Commission's humanitarian aid department (ECHO) funds the NGO ACF to provide health and nutrition care as well as food assistance including cash transfers for the poorest families. Photo credit: EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Should cash transfers be conditional or unconditional? Putting ideological views about the approach aside, policy outcomes are most often a reflection of practical limitations and political considerations. This can be said to account for the emergence of ‘soft conditions’, involving community enforcement. Conditionality Roughly speaking, social protection cash transfers can be categorised as either conditional or unconditional: Conditional cash transfers require beneficiaries to comply with specific conditions to be eligible for the transfer. These are often related to school attendance or health care. Unconditional cash transfers do not require any specific actions to be undertaken by targeted beneficiaries. The decision about whether a new programme...Read more
Recording of the webinar organised by the Social Protection for Employment – Community (SPEC) which discussed BRAC’s graduation programme, Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP).

Cultivating a long-term social protection strategy in Nigeria

A group of young ladies in the Asokoro section of Abuja, Nigeria. Photo credit: Mark Fischer, Flickr
Improving national social protection systems is a major task for all governments. The main purpose of social protection is to reduce poverty, economic shocks and vulnerability, which in turn, helps to determine the country-specific social protection design requirements (ADB, 2003). In Nigeria, there are three tiers of government: federal, state and local. Prior to the current political dispensation, at the federal level, some forms of social protection programmes had been instituted by military and civilian governments. Past social protection interventions in Nigeria include: Family Economic Advancement Programme Better Life for Rural Women Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure National Directorate of Employment Family Support Programme Family Economic...Read more

The role of cash transfer based social assistance in eradicating poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby
Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby World poverty One in ten people in the world lives with less than $1.90 a day, and half of the world’s extreme poor live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2016) . According to the World Bank, SSA is home to some 389 million people living in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty around the world has declined largely due to rapid advances in East Asia, the Pacific and South Asia – specifically in China, Indonesia and India (World Bank, 2016) . Therefore, to eradicate poverty, the focus of donors and policy practitioners needs to be on SSA. The relationship between poverty and community Data shows that the...Read more

This publication presents country examples that document different pathways to achieve universal social protection coverage. These country cases encompass a wide range of programs, country settings and regions, including Sub-Saharan Africa (Botswana, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Zanzibar), Europe and Central Asia (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kosovo and Ukraine), Latin America and Caribbean (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago), East Asia and Pacific (China, Mongolia, Thailand and Timor-Leste), and South Asia Region (Maldives, Nepal).


The government has set aside Sh30 billion for cash transfers for elderly people aged 70 years and above starting April this year. Under the program dubbed Inua Jamii, close to 530,000 elderly people are set to benefit from the funds which Labour Cabinet Secretary Ukur Yattani says will be released in the course of next week.


A new programme worth €50 million, to improve the living conditions and resilience of vulnerable populations in key Libyan municipalities has been adopted under the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (North of Africa window).


The Monrovia Alternative Care facility of SOS Children’s Villages Liberia received (19) more children on Wednesday, 7 March, 2018. These children were recommended to SOS Liberia by the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection.


Location: Kofi Annan Conference Room, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland

The UNAIDS Inter Agency Task Team (IATT) for Social Protection, Care and Support will join representatives from governments, donors, academicians and civil society from 25– 26 April 2018 for the International Conference on Fast-Tracking Social Protection to end AIDS. April 27, 2018 will be a business meeting of the IATT.

The aims of this year’s conference are to:


Community Development and Social Services Minister, Emerine Kabanshi has disclosed that government will soon introduce other social protection programmes which will help alleviate urban poverty. Ms. Kabanshi said just like in rural areas, there are a lot of impoverished people living in urban areas.