Health care in Nigeria: Challenges and recommendations

RTI Fights NTDs follow srudents from Atu governemnt school in Calabar, Nigeria recieve medicines for NTDs during mass drug administration
Social and financial risk protection for poor and vulnerable populations is a major development and policy issue across the globe. There are numerous definitions of social protection. In the context of health, social protection is defined as programmes and measures aimed at removing financial barriers preventing access to health care services and protecting poor and vulnerable populations from the impoverishing effects of medical expenditures.[2] Financial risk protection is a key component of universal health coverage (UHC) and the health system goal of ensuring access to quality health care services without suffering financial hardship.[3] Social and financial risk protection can be provided through programmes and measures that are rooted in legislation. Lack of social and financial...Read more

Conditional or unconditional cash transfers? From ideology to policy dialogue

Building resilience against hunger and malnutrition in Burkina Faso, the European Commission's humanitarian aid department (ECHO) funds the NGO ACF to provide health and nutrition care as well as food assistance including cash transfers for the poorest families. Photo credit: EC/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie
Should cash transfers be conditional or unconditional? Putting ideological views about the approach aside, policy outcomes are most often a reflection of practical limitations and political considerations. This can be said to account for the emergence of ‘soft conditions’, involving community enforcement. Conditionality Roughly speaking, social protection cash transfers can be categorised as either conditional or unconditional: Conditional cash transfers require beneficiaries to comply with specific conditions to be eligible for the transfer. These are often related to school attendance or health care. Unconditional cash transfers do not require any specific actions to be undertaken by targeted beneficiaries. The decision about whether a new programme...Read more
Recording of the webinar organised by the Social Protection for Employment – Community (SPEC) which discussed BRAC’s graduation programme, Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP).

Cultivating a long-term social protection strategy in Nigeria

A group of young ladies in the Asokoro section of Abuja, Nigeria. Photo credit: Mark Fischer, Flickr
Improving national social protection systems is a major task for all governments. The main purpose of social protection is to reduce poverty, economic shocks and vulnerability, which in turn, helps to determine the country-specific social protection design requirements (ADB, 2003). In Nigeria, there are three tiers of government: federal, state and local. Prior to the current political dispensation, at the federal level, some forms of social protection programmes had been instituted by military and civilian governments. Past social protection interventions in Nigeria include: Family Economic Advancement Programme Better Life for Rural Women Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure National Directorate of Employment Family Support Programme Family Economic...Read more

The role of cash transfer based social assistance in eradicating poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby
Woman receiving TASAF cash transfer, Arusha, Tanzania (2016). Photo credit: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby World poverty One in ten people in the world lives with less than $1.90 a day, and half of the world’s extreme poor live in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (World Bank, 2016) . According to the World Bank, SSA is home to some 389 million people living in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty around the world has declined largely due to rapid advances in East Asia, the Pacific and South Asia – specifically in China, Indonesia and India (World Bank, 2016) . Therefore, to eradicate poverty, the focus of donors and policy practitioners needs to be on SSA. The relationship between poverty and community Data shows that the...Read more

Bangladesh's TUP programme: Challenges in the design of gender sensitive social protection

The concept of graduation has gained significance in anti-poverty programming and policies, catching the attention of policy-makers and development practitioners. Non-governmental Organisation (NGO) and donor-led and governmental graduation programmes have proliferated over recent years to serve different contexts. Graduation is particularly relevant to contexts involving exceptional crisis and risk, such as post-disaster, conflict, and in refugee camps. The approach was pioneered in 2002 by the Bangladesh NGO, BRAC, with the Targeting the Ultra-poor (TUP) programme. Looking at the results of different impact evaluations from a gendered poverty knowledge framework, I argue that although BRAC’s TUP represents a comprehensive package to poverty alleviation that focuses on multiple aspects...Read more

The conflict-ridden Central African Republic will be the beneficiary of a much-needed assistance package from the European Union after Brussels announced the release of €26.5 million in emergency aid for vulnerable families affected by the humanitarian crisis in the country and its spill-over into neighbouring states.The announced funding comes as some 2.5 million, half of the Central African Republic’s population, are in need of assistance as the crisis has triggered an influx of refugees into neighbouring countries.


Sri Lanka - ජාතික ප්‍රතිපත්ති හා ආර්ථික කටයුතු අමාත්‍යාංශය, MNPEA (Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs)

The vision of the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs of Sri Lanka is to build a inclusive economic growth and prosperity through viable national policies. Its mission is to ensure the benefits of development for each citizen through the formulation of national policies and dynamic economic strategies for inclusive development.


Sweden has confirmed that it is also freezing funding to Zambia over suspected misuse of funds within Social Cash Transfer programme in Zambia. Sweden through its development arm SIDA is freezing support along with Finland, Great Britain and Ireland.



A total of 442 abaca farmers benefited from “Cash for Work” Incentive under the P50 Million Abaca Rehabilitation program of Department of Agriculture (DA) in Catanduanes. According to the province, of the total recepients, 269 abaca farmers came from Bagamanoc, 93 came from Panganiban, while 80 from Viga amounting to over a million pesos. Provincial Agriculturist Nelia Teves revealed that 100% of the targeted farmers from Bagamanoc and Panganiban were present in the awarding of cash incentives.