A year ago, hurricanes Irma and Maria wreaked havoc in the Caribbean, making small nations like Dominica lose more than 200% of its annual GDP in a matter of hours. Today, many countries are still rebuilding. With the threats of climate change – which increases the number and strength of extreme weather events – and another hurricane season already underway, these countries are undertaking a number of efforts.
The European Union and Morocco inked on Friday two agreements aimed at supporting Moroccan small & medium enterprises (SMEs), including start-ups working on innovation as well as the country’s social protection program. The agreements, related to the EU-funded programs: “Competitiveness & green growth” and “social protection reform in Morocco”, were sealed during the visit European Commissioner for European Neighborhood Policy & Enlargement Negotiations, Johannes Hahn is currently paying to the North African Kingdom.
Around the globe, there is an unending cycle of producing innovative policies that are relevant and responsive to today's complex problems of disaster risk reduction and mitigation. A lot of evidence is pointing to the shifting paradigm in responding to emergencies. Foremost among them is the growing acceptance of cash transfers as a response tool to disasters. The Philippines is not oblivious to this developing paradigm. The Philippines is considered to have one of the most advanced social protection (SP) systems in the East Asia Pacific region.
The study is premised on the notion that collective action principles of forest producer organizations potentially allow them to provide formal and informal social protection benefits to their members (Bose et al., 2006; Molnar et al., 2008). These include formal social protection benefits such as social insurance and informal insurance from pooled contributions, which can insure members in times of risk (Kazoora et al., 2006; Chen, 2015).