Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) has become ubiquitous in many nations in Africa in the last decade because of its success in tackling poverty and mitigating vulnerability in Brazil and Mexico. The Capability Approach by the Noble Laureate Amartya Sen, asserts that social interventions will be effective if they are able to positively affect beneficiaries' ability to achieve what they want to be and do (Capability). Also, the conversion factor of beneficiaries - the extent to which a given resource can be used effectively without impediments - is also critical for the success of any social intervention. Therefore with a wide variation in the capabilities and conversion factors of the urban and rural poor in Africa, will CCT be as effective in ameliorating poverty and vulnerability among the rural poor vis-à-vis urban poor? For instance with the long distance travels to school and hospital, as well as, low physician-patient ratio in rural Africa, could CCTs in itself as a demand driven intervention force the improvement of the capabilities and conversion factors of the poor because of the conditionalities?