Sudan is one of the largest countries in Africa with a population of 39.5 million, of which 51% are children. Although Sudan is a Lower Middle-Income Country, vast regional disparities exist. Sudan faces a national debt of US$45 billion, 33% inflation, and US economic sanctions in place since 1997. The country remains in a protracted emergency: the long-term conflict in Darfur, the armed conflict in Blue Nile and South Kordofan and tribal conflicts affect at least 2.3 million children.

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